AUSTRALIAN POLITICS GUIDE
Australian System of Government: Federal Parliamentary Democracy
Australian politics take place within the framework of a Federal parliamentary democracy and Constitutional Monarchy. Australians elect parliamentarians to the federal Parliament of Australia, a bicameral body which incorporates both the tradition of Executive powers exercised by the Legislature inherited from the Westminster system and the tradition of a strong federalist Senate adopted from the United States Congress. Australia largely operates as a two-party system in which voting is compulsory.
The present Monarch of Australia is Elizabeth II, who is also Queen of the Commonwealth of Nations (formerly the British Commonwealth). She is represented in Australia by the Governor-General, in accordance with the Australian Constitution and Letters Patent from the Queen. In each of the States, the Monarch is represented by a Governor appointed directly by the Queen on the advice of each of her respective state governments.
In practice in the democracy that is Australia, the Queen's representatives, while granted wide-ranging
powers on paper, often defer to the Prime Minister, other ministers, or those minsters' State equivalents.