GEORGIAN POLITICS GUIDE
National Flag of Georgia
Georgian System of Government:
Presidential Representative Democratic Republic
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. The kingdoms
of Colchis and Iberia which eventually became the country of Georgia adopted
Christianity in the early 4th century, and a unified Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during
the 11th and 12th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century Georgia was annexed by Russia, and, after a brief period of independence
following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was occupied by the Soviet Union in 1921 to be turned into the Georgian Soviet Socialist
Republic. After independence in 1991, post-Communist Georgia suffered from civil unrest and economic crisis until the Rose Revolution
of 2003, which allowed a new government to introduce democratic and economic reforms and transform Georgia from an autocracy into a democracy.
Georgia contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after
the 2008 Russo-Georgian War that was essentially a border conflict. Georgia considers the regions to be part of its sovereign territory
under Russian military occupation.