The Union of South Africa was created in 1910 with the unification of four British (and previously Afrikaans) colonies at the
tip of southern Africa, and was transformed into the Republic of South Africa upon leaving the British Commonwealth in
The President of the Republic of South Africa serves both as Head of State and Head of Government, is elected by the
National Assembly (the lower house of the South African Parliament) and must enjoy the confidence of the Assembly in
order to remain in office. South Africans also elect Provincial Legislatures which govern each of the country's nine Provinces.