GLOBAL POLITICS GUIDE BY W.R. HAMMONS: TOTAL POLITICS

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SOUTH AFRICAN POLITICS GUIDE

Flag of South Africa

National Flag of South Africa




South African System of Government:
Parliamentary Republic

The Union of South Africa was created in 1910 with the unification of four British (and previously Afrikaans) colonies at the tip of southern Africa, and was transformed into the Republic of South Africa upon leaving the British Commonwealth in 1961.

The President of the Republic of South Africa serves both as Head of State and Head of Government, is elected by the National Assembly (the lower house of the South African Parliament) and must enjoy the confidence of the Assembly in order to remain in office. South Africans also elect Provincial Legislatures which govern each of the country's nine Provinces.

Click here for List of South African Political Parties

Since the end of Apartheid in the 1990s (a system of racial segregation which partly only ended with the wind-down of the Cold War and South Africa's subsequent decline in stragetic importance and influence with the West), the African National Congress has dominated South Africa's politics. The ANC, originally founded to increase the rights of the black South African population, is the ruling party in the national legislature as well as nearly all of the provinces, and its main challenger is the centrist Democratic Alliance. Other major political parties represented in Parliament include the Inkatha Freedom Party, which mainly represents Zulu voters, and the Congress of the People. The formerly dominant New National Party, whose predecessor the National Party both introduced and ended Apartheid, disbanded in 2005 to merge with the ANC.

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Sources: sahistory.org.za, wikipedia.org





































































































































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