Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki

Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki

Iraqi System of Government: Federal Republic

The politics of Iraq take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. Iraq's system of government is a multi-party system whereby the executive power is primarily exercised by the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers as the head of government (the office of President is largely ceremonial) and legislative power is vested in the Council of Representatives and the Federation Council.

Click here for List of Iraqi Political Parties

While all of the above is still technically true for now, Iraq is well on its way to once again becoming a brutal dictatorship overlaying an extremely unstable country. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is not only Prime Minister, but also Secretary General of the Islamic Dawa Party as well as acting Interior Minister, acting Defense Minister, and acting National Security Minister. Iranian exiles in Iraq who oppose the Iranian regime which happens to provide financial support to the Islamic Dawa Party have been massacred by Iraqi troops, and "Arab Spring" protests in the country have been systematically and brutally suppressed.


But the government and its suppression are not working. Maliki's government has failed to provide the most basic security (extremists have broken out of Iraqi prisons in multiple recent incidents) and car bombs reminiscent of the middle of the last decade's sectarian conflicts have returned.

Furthermore, as of the beginning of 2014, al-Qaeda militants numbering in the hundreds at most but calling themselves the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant managed to seize control of the central Iraq cities of Fallujah and Ramadi while reportedly declaring "The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria," an unrecognized breakaway state.


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