But the government and its suppression are not working. Maliki's government has failed to provide the most basic
security (extremists have broken out of Iraqi prisons in multiple recent incidents) and car bombs reminiscent of
the middle of the last decade's sectarian conflicts have returned.
Furthermore, as of the beginning of 2014, al-Qaeda militants numbering in the hundreds at most but calling
themselves the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant managed to seize control of the central Iraq cities of
Fallujah and Ramadi while reportedly declaring "The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria," an unrecognized breakaway state.