Republican William McKinley was elected President in 1896 on a platform that included high tariffs, and the party continued to support tariffs and pro-business policies generally during its political dominance of the next thirty years. The Republicans were blamed for the onset of the Great Depression in 1929, and Democrats would generally dominate the political landscape for nearly forty years thereafter.
Republican dominance of the White House returned with the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980, and was matched by the Republican Revolution of 1994, which
gave the GOP control of both houses of Congress. This dominance ended with electoral defeats at the hands of Democrats in 2006, and the White House was
lost as well with the election of Democrat Barack Obama in 2008.