SWEDISH POLITICS GUIDE
Swedish System of Government: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
The politics of Sweden take place in a framework of a Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy. Executive power is exercised by the Government, which is led by the Prime Minister of Sweden. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and a Parliament whose membership is elected in a multi-party system. The Judiciary is independent, appointed by the government and employed until retirement.
Sweden has a typical Western European history of democracy, beginning with the Viking age Thing governing assemblies electing kings and ending with a traditional royal power in the 14th century. Sweden periodically became more or less democratic, depending on general European trends. The current democratic form of Swedish government is the product of the stable development of successively added democratic institutions introduced beginning during the 19th century and on up to 1921, when women's suffrage was introduced. The Government of Sweden has adhered to Parliamentarism by practice since 1917 and by law since 1975.
Since the Great Depression, Swedish politics have been largely dominated by the Social Democratic
Workers' Party, which has held a plurality (and sometimes a majority) in Parliament since 1917. From 1932
the Social Democrats presided over the government for 65 years, almost exclusively without a minor partner.