The Democratic Party is one of the world's oldest political parties and is the party with the longest record of continuous operation in the
United States. It is also one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party.
The party arose from opposition to the policies of the ruling Federalist Party, which was dominated by Alexander Hamilton and advocated a strong
central government, a loose interpretation of the Constitution, and a republic governed by a well-educated professional class. After 1830, the Democratic
Party became a coalition of farmers, city-dwelling laborers, and Irish Catholics. Democrats, while strongly favoring expansion to new farm lands,
opposed elites and aristocrats, the Bank of the United States, and modernizing programs that would build up industry at the expense of the taxpayer.