The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery
expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the Grand Old Party or the GOP, despite being the younger of the two major parties. The party's platform
is generally considered right of center in the US political spectrum.
Founded in Ripon, Wisconsin, in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers (an early slogan was "free labor, free land, free men") the
Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. It first came to power in 1860 with the election of
Abraham Lincoln, a former Whig, to the Presidency and presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction. During the tremendous economic expansion in
the North during and following Reconstruction, Republicans promoted policies to sustain the rapid growth but also supported the Sherman Antitrust Act and
the Interstate Commerce Commission