Bill Hammons: Writing and Running in Boulder, Colo. Politics Guide: Governors, US Senators, Representatives






AMERICAN POLITICS GUIDE BY W.R. HAMMONS: TOTAL POLITICS

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UNITED STATES CONGRESS



The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States, consisting of the upper house Senate and the lower house House of Representatives. Congress convenes in the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

The 100 Senators and 435 Representatives in the United States Congress are directly elected by voters in their States and Congressional Districts, respectively (Senators were chosen by State Legislatures before the passage of the 17th Amendment in 1913, and some Representatives were still chosen by voters off statewide lists until specific geographic Congressional Districts were mandated by Federal law in 1967).

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms representing Districts apportioned to the States by population using the United States Census results, each of the 50 States having at least one Representative in the Congress.

Each State has two Senators regardless of population, and Senators serve a six-year term. Senate terms are staggered so that every two years approximately one-third of the Senate is up for election.

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